European UAP Sightings in 2019-2023: Raw Data by Country and Year

The table and charts below represent the raw data of UFO/IFO observations reported to seventeen UAP organizations from eleven European countries where data are available.

These raw data are provided thanks to the contributions of the following organisations listed in Table 1, which belong to the EURO UFO net virtual community, as well as national institutions like GEIPAN (France) and the Italian Air Force (Aeronautica Militare Italiana), which have published their statistics online.     


European UAP Organisations

These 11 nations account for approximately 69% of the European population and cover 49% of Europe’s land area (excluding Russia, Turkey). From a numerical standpoint, the dataset encompasses over 23,847 reported cases from 2019 to 2023. 

Despite the incomplete nature of the data, which may not fully capture the total scope of sightings due to underreporting, it provides valuable insights into the frequency of UAP (identified or not) sightings across Europe over the past five years.

We hope that in the near future, other countries such as Czech Republic (which ceased collecting data at the end of 2020 due to a lack of resources), Spain (currently the only active organization is the CEI (Centre d’Estudis Interplanetaris) covers only a small portion of the territory (Catalonia)), Portugal, Greece, and Poland will be able to contribute to this valuable “UFO/IFO European Barometer.”       


Total Yearly Number of Reported Events

Overall, and somewhat unexpectedly, the number of reported events has remained quite stable over the period, totaling approximately 4,400 per year. The number of events in 2023 is comparable to those in 2019 (see Table 2).

However, there is a noticeable peak in 2020. One very likely reason for this increase could be the beginning of operational launches of the Starlink satellites by SpaceX, with 60 units launched at once. As noted in Table 3 below, the sharp increase in 2020 is attributed to three countries: Belgium, Germany, and the Netherlands. Overall, excluding this increase in 2020, the numbers remain relatively consistent globally across the 5 years period.         


Total Yearly Number of Reported Events per Country

In 2023, the number of recorded UFO cases varied significantly across different European countries.
The Netherlands reported the highest number with 1,418 cases, indicating a substantial level of sightings. However, it is important to note that the collection of reports in the Netherlands is exclusively done via the website of the only currently active organization in this country. Additionally, the Netherlands has one of the highest population densities in Western Europe, with over 500 people per square kilometer. For comparison, Belgium has a density of 380 people per square kilometer, the United Kingdom 280, Germany 240, Italy 200, and France 120.

Germany followed with 1,146 cases, while the UK also saw a notable number of reports at 564. Italy and Belgium recorded 439 and 274 cases, respectively, showing considerable activity. Sweden matched Belgium with 274 cases, highlighting similar levels of sightings. Meanwhile, the number of cases in Denmark (92), Finland (75), and Norway (101) were lower but still significant. Romania reported 43 cases, while France, specifically through GEIPAN alone, recorded the lowest number with only 19 cases, the lowest since 2006. This figure should be interpreted cautiously, as it is unclear what precisely this online statistic includes or excludes; GEIPAN has acknowledged receiving numerous calls or emails that do not appear in their annual data. It is also noteworthy that in earlier years, when active civilian groups had robust reporting mechanisms, GEIPAN never received as many reports as these groups.           

Overall, the distribution depicted in Table 3 indicates diverse levels of UFO activity and reporting mechanisms across Europe.       
It is well-known among researchers across Europe that the vast majority of UFO cases are due to misidentifications of natural or man-made phenomena, such as Starlink satellites, the International Space Station, airplanes, and celestial bodies such as stars and planets. A separate analysis focusing on each country’s currently unexplained events from the past 5 to 10 years would be particularly valuable.

As can be seen in the above table, the UFO sightings across various European countries from 2019 to 2023 show significant fluctuations.


Total Yearly Number of Reported Events per Country


Annual Variations (Country/Year)

In 2023, Belgium maintained a steady number of reports with no change from 2022, but experienced notable variability in previous years, including a 54% decrease in 2021 followed by a 59% increase in 2020.

Denmark saw a slight decrease of 6% in 2023, continuing a trend of mixed fluctuations with an overall 10% decrease since 2018.

Finland, despite a 15% increase in 2023, shows an overall decline of 18% since 2018.

France (GEIPAN) recorded a substantial 53% decrease in 2023, marking a continuous decline to 61% below 2018 levels. It’s important to note that many observations made by French citizens are not  reflected in the GEIPAN statistics. It would be interesting to know the average number of calls and inquiries GEIPAN handles via phone, letter, or email.

Germany exhibited a 6% rise in 2023, contributing to a significant 108% increase since 2018, reflecting a stark contrast to other countries.

Italy’s reports dropped by 31% in 2023 after a dramatic 128% rise in 2022.

Norway had a notable 63% increase in 2023, indicating a 60% rise since 2018.

Romania experienced a 59% increase in 2023, maintaining a general upward trend with a 34% increase since 2018.

Sweden’s sightings rose by 14% in 2023 but remained relatively stable over the five-year period with only a 1% increase since 2018.

The United Kingdom saw a 19% decrease in 2023, aligning with an overall 19% decline since 2018.

The Netherlands reported a 15% decrease in 2023, yet still showing a 49% increase since 2018.

Overall, the total number of UFO sightings across these 11 European countries decreased by 9% in 2023 from the previous year, but has increased by 30% compared to 2018, indicating a complex pattern of reporting trends across the region.

Certainly, the majority of observers lack the experience to accurately interpret the sky and distinguish between natural and man-made phenomena. This makes it challenging for researchers to isolate genuine anomalies and dedicate their limited resources to the most complex cases.

In conclusion, it also important to recognise the significant role played by non-governmental organisations and civil society. These long-standing national groups, spread across Europe, play a crucial role in serving the public. By providing a platform for UAP witnesses to share their testimonies and inquiries, they offer citizens a vital avenue to have their voices heard and their experiences acknowledged. Their activities range from testimonies collection, field investigation, analysis, documentation and archiving, support to study and research, as well as public education. The UAP groups exemplify citizen science applied to the UAP data.

Through this collective effort, these organizations maintain a comprehensive understanding of the UAP landscape at the European level and bring a wealth of experience to the field. Hopefully, more European countries will assume this role, either through official channels or with civilian groups, and expand their UAP research activities in the future, thereby enhancing our collective knowledge and investigative capabilities.

Roberto Farabone named CISU Honorary President


On 20 October 2020 the CISU board of directors appointed Roberto Farabone as honorary president of the Italian Center for UFO Studies.
Born in Bologna in 1944, with a degree in physics, he  moved to Milan, where he spent his entire career as a computer scientist in a multinational company, writing several technical books and manuals.
Interested in UFOs since the mid-1960s, he joined the CUN, then assumed a leading role in the CNIFAA (Independent National Committee for the Study of Anomalous Aerial Phenomena) and in 1976 became editor of UPIAR (UFO Phenomena International Annual Review), the first example of a refereed journal about UFOs.
In 1979 he was among the promoters of a request signed by over 30 scientists and academics, to ask the Italian Ministry of Defense a full  access to UFO data collected by the Italian military. The same year he was appointed coordinator of the scientific committee of Centro Ufologico Nazionale and later served on the editorial board of CUN internal magazine “Quaderni UFO”.
1987-06-20_to_farabonecabassimeluzziIn 1982 he was coordinator of the International Upiar Colloquium on Human Sciences and UFO Phenomena, held in Salzburg, also editing the congress proceedings. When the Cooperative Initiatives and Studies UPIAR was created, he was named board president and later a council member until 2005. A founding member of CISU, he held the position of president from 1988 to 1996.
In his long UFO activity he has carried out investigations, lectured, participated in conferences and written dozens of articles published, among other things, in “Notiziario Ufo”, “Ufologia”; “Ufo Forum”.
After retiring from active ufology, he donated his archives and UFO library to the Italian Center for UFO Studies.
– – –
In the above photo: Roberto Farabone at the 4th National UFO Congress (Bologna, 13/10/1990)

In the photo below: Farabone with Renzo Cabassi and Alessandro Meluzzi at CISU International Congress (Turin, 20/06/1987)

PreUfoCat update and a new book

pietro-torre-preufocat-appendice-2021-copertinaCISU research projects have always been conceived as a continuous work of collection, cataloguing and analysis. Such is PreUfoCat, i.e. the catalog of observations of aerial phenomena over Italy in past centuries) and its editor  Pietro Torre is constantly updating it.

In 2018 the third edition of “Strange Lights in Italian History” was published: a detailed collection of 3400 unusual aerial phenomena from Ancient Rome to 1899: more than 1000 pages with complete descriptions, bibliographic sources and evaluations.

Now he released a 40-pages booklet updating the catalogue with his hew findings in the last three years, adding new case histories and correcting  or integrating some already published. It is available in both digital and paper format, as a to supplement to the latest full edition (also available in both formats on the website

Another recent book on the same subject was published by regional writer and historian Eraldo Baldini: “What they were seeing in the sky” [subtitled “Comets,’prodigies’, flying objects in the chronicles and testimonies from Antiquity at the end of the 17th century (with particular regard to the Romagna and Emilian areas”], is a collection of celestial phenomena accompanied by a rich and detailed bibliography (174 pages,“Il Ponte Vecchio” Publishing Company, Cesena).

baldini-quel-che-vedevano-in-cieloVery interesting is the author’s approach in the book introduction: “It would perhaps be superficial to always and in any case liquidate the stories of some events such as fantasies, inventions and “editorial” operations: sometimes  reports of events considered as “prodigious” may in fact contain, in addition to inevitable hyperboles, misunderstandings, political and religious purposes and commercial intentions, also elements of “truth” and , albeit flavored by the wonder of pre-scientific thought, they may represent chronicles and testimonies born from something concrete”.
Baldini also underlines how a sort of barrier seems to exist between sometimes hyper-rationalist attitudes and, on the other hand, the more exotic and imaginative interpretations we are unfortunately used to. His conclusion is therefore that “A reasoned and critical mediation has always appeared difficult, even if it is impossible to think that the supporters of the most extreme UFO theories do not have reservations and doubts about the interpretation of many passages of the old texts, and at the same time that the more prepared and “orthodox” historians do not in turn prove, in some cases, doubts, and do not ask themselves questions in front of certain descriptions. (…) It would be in our opinion necessary and constructive re-read today those accounts of ancient “prodigies”, especially the heavenly ones, with a critical but open mind, without having married ideas and matured preconceived closures, with the always precious ability to ask questions”.
Those are highly acceptable considerations, which seem reflected the same assumptions in our own  way of dealing with this topic and in Pietro Torre’s whole work.

Ickinger, Jochen (Germany)

jochen_ickinger_nexworldJochen Ickinger, M.Eng, born in Heilbronn (Germany) in 1961, Master in geoinformation systems, degrees in business informatics and public administration. Working as an IT senior specialist on geo risk analysis, security data management and cyber threat intelligence. Formerly working as an investigator for the prosecution.

Investigating UFO phenomena since 1981. In the 80s active as case investigator for CENAP, co-editor of a UFO magazine and co-organiser of several conventions. Part of the delegation of critical German UFO researchers at the German ministry of defense (air force high command) in 1984.
Since the 90s primarily engagement in methodology of case investigations and witness interviews, reliability of eyewitness testimonies and perceptual psychology (considering forensic research). On this topics several lectures and publications in the scientific Zeitschrift für Anomalistik (Journal for Anomalistics) und the Journal for UFO-Research (Journal für UFO-Forschung), amongst others.

Member of the Gesellschaft zur Erforschung des UFO-Phänomens, GEP (Society for the Exploration of the UFO Phenomenon), Gesellschaft für Anomalistik, GfA (Society for Anomalistics) and Gesellschaft zur wissenschaftlichen Untersuchung von Parawissenschaften, GWUP (Society for the Scientific Investigation of Parasciences).
Main activity since 2011 as co-responsible operator of the UFO information plattform, providing basic information around the UFO topic, UFO research, UFO stimuli, articles and studies as well as a weblog on current topics.

Advocate of a critical scientific methodologically sound study of the UFO phenomena and anomalistics in general.


Magin, Ulrich (Germany)

Ulrich Magin, born 13 November 1962 in Germany, lives as an author and translator near Bonn.

Main interests are cryptozoology (mainly water monsters), all folklore associated with bodies of water, UFOs (especially historic reports, close encounter cases, and USOs), and alternative archaeology (esp. geomancy). He considers himself a fortean sceptic, and has been or is correspondent or columnist of major fortean magazines, such as Fortean Times, INFO Journal, Strange, Pursuit, Ley Hunter, CENAP Report and the Journal für UFO-Forschung.

He has published many articles, book chapters, and books on his research. Books include Kontakte mit Außerirdischen im deutschen Sprachraum (two editions), Von Ufos entführt, Trolle Yetis Tatzelwürmer, Geheimwissenschaft Geomantie, Ausflüge in die Anderswelt, Magischer Mittelrhein, Geheimnisse des Saarlandes, Pfälzer Mysterien, Magische Mosel, Der Tatzelwurm, Rätsel und Mysterien der Eifel and Der Ritt auf dem Kometen (a biography of Charles Fort).

Position Statement

I do not accept eyewitness reports as indicators of reality, I think they tell us more about human perception and its cultural reworking than strange phenomena – in short, I belong to the psychosocial school. Yet, as a fortean, I doubt any weltanschauung that is too self secure, and believe that even science can only approximate reality, but never grasp it.

Current research

Historic reports of forteana from Germany, continental European lake monsters, and UFO close encounter cases in Germany.

Delaere, Frederick (Belgium)



Born in West-Flanders in 1981, DELAERE got interested in the UFO phenomenon at the age of 14 after having read the book “De UFO-Saga” by Julien WEVERBERGH.



From 1997 to 2003 he headed UFO-West, an organization that concentrated mainly on sightings from West-Flanders.

In 2007, together with Wim VAN UTRECHT, DELAERE founded the Belgisch UFO-meldpunt ( Its purpose was to investigate sighting reports from the Dutch-speaking part of Belgium. DELAERE is in charge of the coordination of the reporting center, maintains its website, and is the point of contact for the media. The center tries to investigate reports in a critical way with the intention of explaining as many cases as possible. Investigative reports are compiled about the interesting cases, analysing the sighting in detail. Every year the Belgisch UFO-meldpunt publishes its annual report which has an overview of all the submitted observations and their explanations.

Besides numerous lectures about the UFO phenomenon, DELAERE wrote several articles on the subject, PDFs of which can be downloaded on the website of the Belgisch UFO-meldpunt.

In 2014 he wrote “UFO’s in België en Nederland”, a book published by Lannoo. DELAERE and VAN UTRECHT are currently preparing an informative book about UFOs for youngsters.


Mancusi, Bruno (Switzerland)

mancusi_brunoChemist graduated from the University of Lausanne, Switzerland. Born in Lausanne in 1960 and active in ufology since 1984, he is also interested in paranormal, history, espionage, conspiracies and urban legends. In 1987 he created a database of Swiss sightings: Registre des Observations d’Ovnis en Suisse (ROOS), which has now more than 1400 cases, but not updated after 2000.

From 1988 to 1995, he was member of the editorial boards of Ovni-Présence and Anomalies (France / Switzerland).

Main affiliations:

  • Member of the Association des Amis de la Maison d’Ailleurs (AMDA), since 1989 and member of the Maison d’Ailleurs museum board Yverdon-les-Bains, Switzerland, since 2008.
  • Swiss correspondent for Centro Italiano Studi Ufologici (CISU), since 1992.
  • Member of the Sauvegarde et Conservation des Etudes et Archives Ufologiques (SCEAU), since 2003.
  • Swiss correspondent for Mutual UFO Network (MUFON), since 2003.

Publications: articles mainly in Ovni-Présence, Anomalies, Il Giornale dei Misteri and La Gazette des Mousquetaires de l’Ufo; co-author of OVNI : vers une anthropologie d’un mythe contemporain (editor: Thierry Pinvidic), Heimdal, Bayeux (France) 1993. Online papers: Academia

Bruno Mancusi
Route d’Echallens 10
CH-1530 Payerne

Munsch, Gilles (France)



Born in 09/1954.
ion: Mechanical engineer
Career (retired): Professor of Mechanical Engineering -Trainer

Vosges (88) East of France


Active in ufology since 1978.

  • Cercle Vosgien Lumières dans la Nuit (CVLDLN) – 1979-1995 (President).
  • Comité Nord-Est des Groupes Ufologiques (CNEGU) – Since 1979.
  • Sauvegarde Conservation des Études et Archives Ufologiques (SCEAU-Archives Ovnis) – Since 1990 (Co-founding member)
  • Member of the VECA Group (Crop Circle) and author of the VECA Report.
  • Geipan Expert and Investigator – Since 2008.

Main activities: investigation and expertise, research & archive preservation.

Other interests: astronomy (since 1974), meteorites (since 2003).

Chabin, Laurent (France)

Laurent Chabin was born in 1968 in the suburbs of Paris.

Was drawn into the field indirectly because of the “1997 Phoenix Lights” case in 2007.

Electrical Engineer, currently developing the hardware of an untethered head mounted display for augmented reality as a full time job.

He sees what such a tool can bring during field investigations for the problem of the estimation of the angular sizes by the witnesses.

He has and will make use of this type of product in field investigations from 2021 on. A sort of SimOVNI of the 21th century.

Field investigator in need of the best set of research articles relevant to the discipline.

Member of SCEAU/Archive OVNI, he worked on open sourced tools helping the automation of conversion of scans into ocred pdfs. Made a little study for SCEAU listing a set of recommendations for the long term storage of files and choice of file formats. He developed a basic and now online full text search tool for FSR, LDLN and Inforespace.

contact is possible thru the euroufo maling list.

Deliyannis,Yannis (France)

img-20200819-wa0008Yannis Deliyannis was born in 1973 and currently lives in Orange, France.

After graduating in Archaeology at the University of Paris-Sorbonne in 1998, he took part in various field work in France, Greece and Turkey. He worked at the Bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève and the Bibliothèque universitaire des Langues Orientales in Paris where he participated in the development of a digital database of rare manuscripts.

In 2001, he took part in the creation of the Institut National d’Histoire de l’Art in Paris.

He developed a strong interest for the study of celestial phenomena in both ancient and medieval sources, actively contributing to the Magonia Exchange project.

He collaborated strongly with both Chris Aubeck and Jacques Vallée, most notably during the writing of their collaborative book, Wonders in the Sky.

He is also a supporter of the SCEAU project.